According to government reports, the Ethiopian military has advanced further towards the capital in the Tigray region in the north of the country. As the central government in Addis Ababa announced today, the troops took the city of Adigrat on their advance. This is 116 kilometers north of Mekelle, the capital of the region. Initially, no statement was available from the People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).
In addition, the Ethiopian government rejected the offer of the African Union (AU) to mediate in the conflict. The AU had appointed three previous presidents as special envoys to negotiate a ceasefire: Joaquim Chissano from Mozambique, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf from Liberia and Kgalema Motlanthe from South Africa.
UN expects a large wave of refugees
The Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Achmed – 2019 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate – ordered air strikes and an offensive against the government of Tigray on November 4. Hundreds of people were killed and many are on the run. The United Nations reckons that up to 200,000 people will flee in Ethiopia’s neighboring country Sudan.
The Tigray region with around five million inhabitants is governed by the TPLF. This has been in conflict with the central government for years. Ethnic tensions play a role here. The Tigrayers had controlled Ethiopia for decades.